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Thursday, September 20, 2012

Prince Krishna Deva Raya, Hampi tour Day 1

After lunch we were on a mission to meet a person who claimed to be the descendent of Krishna Deva Raya. He has the same name too and is a B.Tech in Mechanical Engineering from Davangere. He is also a  post graduate from USA and was employed in Washington for 7 years. He was compelled to return to India to take over the family business (iron ore mining) when his father expired. We had to cross the Tungabhadra river by boat to reach his village Anegundi. To reach this village by road we would have had to take a 63 Km detour !
Crossing the Tungabhadra by boat
Renovation of the palace using traditional lime mortar instead of steel & cement
The young & dapper "Prince" explaining traditional construction technique
Tracing his royal lineage, the extremely soft spoken descendant says, “I actually belong to the Aravidu dynasty while Krisha Deva Raya is from the Tuluva dynasty. I am not a direct descendant in that sense. My lineage can be traced back to the king’s daughter’s husband, Aliya Rama Raya’s family.” Why then does he carry the name of the great king just as he does, the royal demeanor in his posture, gait and his visage? “Our tradition has it that every third generation is given the same name. I might be the fourth or the fifth Krishna Deva Raya  in my family so far,” he gently smiles.His humility and good natured demeanor was striking. “We aim to restore the house in Anegundi, educate our village about its ancient history and also get the old big structures retained in all its glory.”
The young prince has his captive audience enthralled
Group members listening with rapt attention
Visit to the lime mortar manufacturing bay.
Grinder for crushing limestone - this will be pulled by bullocks
Mixing of lime with water & sand to make lime mortar
Sand & Sieve

9 comments:

  1. Good post. Nice to meet 4th or 5th Krishnadevaraya :-)

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  2. Interesting post. Nice to know that you could meet a descendent of Krishna Deva Raya.


    http://rajniranjandas.blogspot.in

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  3. Those rock formations look stunning.

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  4. it must have been neat to see the construction going on. nice that you had a very personable host. :)

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  5. This is incredible. I would love to see that recreation.

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  6. I always liked the history of Krishna Deva Raya. He was a great king. Good to know that you met a prince of his family, great. He looks very soft natured!

    Lime mortar preparation pictures might be useful for somebody, one day.

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  7. SOME INFORMATION / REFERENCE ON VIJAYANAGARA EMPIRE
    Link : http://kanakaraju.hpage.com/history-of-kshatriyas_52565456.html

    Out of the four clans that ruled the Vijayanagara empire, two clans Saluva Dynasty and Aravidu Dynasty claimed to be of the Kshatriya Varna. [65] Raja Achutya Deva Raya was extensively interviewed by Robert Sewell in order to help him in research for his book,[66] and is acknowledged by the Government of Karnataka as the direct descendant of this line. In his royal biography he takes on the title of Zamindar of Anegundi, Senior Representative of the Royal House of Vijayanagar, born 4 August 1936, adoptive son of Rani Lal Kumari, Guru (Religious Head) of the Hindu Kshatriya Community, enjoys the customary privileges and honors at Hampi Temple and at Anegondi Temple, during all religious functions as well as Muslim festivals.[67]His family states they are of the Kshatriya Raju caste and marry among Telugu speaking Kshatriya Rajus settled in this area.
    Raju families such as the Chodarajus, Nandyalas, Madirajus, Tirumalarajus, Gobburis, Saluvas (Bommarajus) of Karvetinagar, the Rajas of Owk and Matla Chiefs were all at one time or other, relatives of the Aravidu dynasty. All of these families still live in and around the Hampi area.
    • The founding brothers of the Aravidu dynasty were the son-in-laws of Krishna Deva Raya of the Tuluva Dynasty and were also related previously through marriage with the Saluva Dynasty. Gobburi Narasaraju was the nephew of Aliya Ramaraju and[68] Emperor Venkatapthi Raju was married to Gobburi Kondama,[69]the sister of the Raja of Srisailam, Gobburi Giriappa.[70] After the death of Venkatapathi Raju, from 1614-1616 there was a great war of succession. Amongst the claimants to the throne was Gobburi Jaga Deva Raju, the brother-in-law of the emperor and also a relative of the Raja of Karvetinagar, Saluva Makaraju.[71][72] The Matla Chiefs fought against the Gobburis.[73]
    • The Matli-Matla chiefs were Ellamrajus who gained the territory after defeating the Tirupatirajus in battle in 1604 AD.[74]
    • The Chodaraju's gotra was given as Kasyapa and the Nandyala's gotra was given as atreya and were described as belonging to Chandravanshi, both were related through marriage and both were appointed Mahamandaleswars during the start of the 16th century.[75][76][77][78]
    • The Madiraju's gotra was given as Kasyapa and Suryavanshi and related to the Thirumalarajus, both appointed Mahamandeleswars of Guntur area and happened to be the grandchildren of Aravidu Rama Raya.[79][80][81]
    • Madhava Varma Bejawada was mentioned in 1509 AD. as of the Vasishtha gotra and Suryavansi.[82]
    • Krishna Deva Raya defeated among others Rachi Raju Pusapati, Srinatha Raju and Lakshmipati Raju on his way to defeating Pratapa Rudra Gajapati Raju of the Gajapathi Dynasty. He immediately reinstated these rulers as his vassals and married the daughter of Pratapa Rudra as a truce offering. All this occurred between 1514-1517 AD.[83][84]
    • Ganapathirajus were described as of the Suryavanshi and Kasyapa gotra and were Mahamandaleswars in 1555 AD.[85]
    • Karvetinagar
    The current Bommaraju family of Karvetinagar are of Kshatriya Raju caste and trace their origins back to an ancestor who migrated from the Pithapuram area of the Godavari Deltaabout the 8th or 9th century. One ancestor obtained the favor of the Eastern Chalukya King, Vimala Aditya and Saluva Narasa was appointed the Chief of the region around Tirupati, where he founded a town called Narasapuram. The founder of the family Narasa was granted permission by his patron, the Chalukyas, to use the royal seal and boar-signet of the Chalukyas, a proud distinction still kept up. The family became feudatories of Vijayanagar, and had marriage alliances with the Saluva and loyalties to the Aravidu dynasties over the next two hundred years. Around the 16th century the family changed their name to the current Bommaraju, retaining Saluva as a title.[86]

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  8. page 179

    No 38.

    Nanjangud Taluk

    1. Svasti sri vijayabhyudaya Salivahana saka 5 varusha
    2.1434 sandu ......srimukha samvatsarada Phalguna ba svasti jitam
    3.bhagavata gata ghana gaganabhena sthira simhasanarudha sri nahaajadhiraja ra
    4.ja parameswara sriman mahamedini ,miseyaraganda kathari saluva sriman dekshina samu
    5.dradhipati Narasimha varma maharajadhiraja tut putra pituranvagata YADAVA kulamba
    6.ra dyumani samyuktva chudamini sakala vanahi brind sandoha (santarpana)paranarisahodara
    7.sauchavira(sarvavira) parakramadhara sakala desadhisvara mani makuta charanaravinda kathari
    8.trinetra srimat krishnavarma maharajadhiraja prudhvirajyam geyinottiralu dakshina de
    9.sadhi vijayavagi dittayisida vira Krishnarayara nyupadim srimanu mahapradhanam Ya
    10.ju sakheya khandava gotrada Apastambha sutrada srimanu Saluva Timmarasaru dakshina
    11.varanesi Gajaranyakshetra Rajaraja purvada Talakadali sri mahadevadevo
    12. ttama kirti Narayana devarige thayurasthalada kavahaliyolaganegado ........



    Translation -----------

    Be it well.In the victorious and prospering Salivahan era 1434 year s having expired while the year srimukha was current, on the 5th lunar day of the dark half of Phalghuna.Be it well.Victory to the Adorable(padmanabha)who resembles the sky free from clouds.While illustrious Krishnavarma maharajadhiraja seated on the stable throne, the prosperous king of kings, lord of kings, champion over those who wear mustaches in the great earth, kathari saluva(dagger and kite ) , eruler over the southern sea,Narasimha mahadhiraja's son ; asun to the fragment that is the Yadava race of which he is a lineal descendant: :..............................Under the orders of vira Krishnaraya, whole he was pleased to go on a victorious expedition to the to the south:the illustrious mahapradhana(chief minister) Saluva Timmarasa of yaju sakha khandava gotra and apastambha sutra made agift to the best of the gods kirtinarayana devaru of Talakadu which is Rajarajpuram...............



    Note ----


    -It belongs to the reign of Vijayanara king Krishnaraya and is dated S.1434srimuka sam.phal.ba.5. This data correspond to March 15, A.D. 1514; .........The pecular feature in the historical portion of this record the king Krishnaraya is here styled krishnavarma maharajadhiraj as is also the case in two other inscriptions of th same Talu.(E.C.-III Nanjanguda 190 and 195 of 1512 and 1513 A.D)............


    Annual Report of the Mysore Archaeological Department for the 1930
    University of Mysore ,
    Banglore
    1934.

    ReplyDelete
  9. page 179

    No 38.

    Nanjangud Taluk

    1. Svasti sri vijayabhyudaya Salivahana saka 5 varusha
    2.1434 sandu ......srimukha samvatsarada Phalguna ba svasti jitam
    3.bhagavata gata ghana gaganabhena sthira simhasanarudha sri nahaajadhiraja ra
    4.ja parameswara sriman mahamedini ,miseyaraganda kathari saluva sriman dekshina samu
    5.dradhipati Narasimha varma maharajadhiraja tut putra pituranvagata YADAVA kulamba
    6.ra dyumani samyuktva chudamini sakala vanahi brind sandoha (santarpana)paranarisahodara
    7.sauchavira(sarvavira) parakramadhara sakala desadhisvara mani makuta charanaravinda kathari
    8.trinetra srimat krishnavarma maharajadhiraja prudhvirajyam geyinottiralu dakshina de
    9.sadhi vijayavagi dittayisida vira Krishnarayara nyupadim srimanu mahapradhanam Ya
    10.ju sakheya khandava gotrada Apastambha sutrada srimanu Saluva Timmarasaru dakshina
    11.varanesi Gajaranyakshetra Rajaraja purvada Talakadali sri mahadevadevo
    12. ttama kirti Narayana devarige thayurasthalada kavahaliyolaganegado ........



    Translation -----------

    Be it well.In the victorious and prospering Salivahan era 1434 year s having expired while the year srimukha was current, on the 5th lunar day of the dark half of Phalghuna.Be it well.Victory to the Adorable(padmanabha)who resembles the sky free from clouds.While illustrious Krishnavarma maharajadhiraja seated on the stable throne, the prosperous king of kings, lord of kings, champion over those who wear mustaches in the great earth, kathari saluva(dagger and kite ) , eruler over the southern sea,Narasimha mahadhiraja's son ; asun to the fragment that is the Yadava race of which he is a lineal descendant: :..............................Under the orders of vira Krishnaraya, whole he was pleased to go on a victorious expedition to the to the south:the illustrious mahapradhana(chief minister) Saluva Timmarasa of yaju sakha khandava gotra and apastambha sutra made agift to the best of the gods kirtinarayana devaru of Talakadu which is Rajarajpuram...............



    Note ----


    -It belongs to the reign of Vijayanara king Krishnaraya and is dated S.1434srimuka sam.phal.ba.5. This data correspond to March 15, A.D. 1514; .........The pecular feature in the historical portion of this record the king Krishnaraya is here styled krishnavarma maharajadhiraj as is also the case in two other inscriptions of th same Talu.(E.C.-III Nanjanguda 190 and 195 of 1512 and 1513 A.D)............


    Annual Report of the Mysore Archaeological Department for the 1930
    University of Mysore ,
    Banglore
    1934.

    ReplyDelete